Internet of things is a network of physical devices connected by Internet connection which can be used effectively to manage all the work thus reducing human efforts to great extent. These sort of systems use sensors to get data of surrounding, perform computation on data effectively using processor(also called brain of computer) and connect these devices to users via internet (informs user with current situation via internet and user can effectively communicate with system via internet and can give response to processor anywhere).
These sort of technologies has become so pervasive and effective everywhere and changed the life style of people everywhere. Iot based technologies have impacted every field of life from automation to smart homes, smart education system, healthcare systems, pollution monitoring systems, transportation, vehicles, smart industries and smart security systems. Thus, IOT have revolutionized and modernized almost every field of life. These smart and intelligent systems have provide ease for the human beings and have greatly reduced the human efforts. Iot based systems have also reduced the cost and increase the security of system more than ever. We can say that IOT has become backbone of industry 4.0.
Like the systems described above, internet of things have revolutionized the field of medicine and healthcare. Now, by the advancement in Iot based technologies, a lot of Iot based healthcare systems, IOT based medical devices, IOT based patient monitoring systems and kits are available in market. These kits are connected to human body, check the pulse rate and other parameters of humans, compare it to standard data available on internet and interact with doctor/user in case situation is not good compared to data available on internet.
Let discuss these IOT based smart health systems in detail
Internet of things in Health Care:
Internet of things in health care systems have greatly reduced the need of practitioners. As IOT based systems are integrated to internet where your data (Data in IOT based health care kit is gathered by special biosensors embed in kit) is compared to data available on standard websites available on the internet and you can analyze your everyday situation through these system. Timely analyzation of your health warns you about your situation at good time so you can take precautionary measures which can effectively reduce the spread of disease. Furthermore, in case of common diseases, you don’t need to consult doctor. These IOT based systems can recommend you medicine for mild situation and thus, it can effectively save your budget for medication.
Iot based system can also be effective for medication and health assurance in remote areas. Doctors can easily access the situation through these IOT based medical devices available in market and can recommend medicines and precautionary measures to patients in remote area.
Iot based healthcare systems can help patients to analyze the outcomes of medication and therapy they are currently taking. Through these systems, they can effectively analyze results and can perform decision for further continuation or change.
International IOT Healthcare Systems:
Several international IOT based healthcare system developed by Microsoft, Google and Amazon are available in market today. Lets look at what these systems are and how they are helping the humans
Kinect HoloLens Assisted Rehabilitation Experience (KHARE) By Microsoft :
This a IOT based medical monitoring system developed by Microsoft which merges the internet of things and machine learning techniques to mirror neuron therapy. KHARE is an IOT based operation monitoring system, which was, create by Microsoft in conjunction with the National Institute for Insurance against Accidents at Work (INAIL) for mirror neuron therapy. KHARE gathers the data from 25 joints of human body in every second of Half hour physical session. Data is send to Cloud, analyzed by expert doctors and doctors use this data to analyze effectiveness of their therapy an protocols.
Future motivation of this project include adding 3D or virtual reality using HoloLens. As a result, doctors will be able to reconstruct a working environment that could help people to learn safer ways to work with dangerous tools. This KHARE system is also studying clinical systems for future projects. This technology is a greatest example that how we can use IOT in healthcare and medical systems effectively.
Another iot based healthcare system for vaccine management is introduced by WEKA which considers storage issues of medicine in referigrator such as recommended temperature, power management and spoilage preventation of medicine. It provides a very useful monitoring environment which checks whether medicine is stored at suitable temperature which helps the store manager to store medicines with no worry. This iot based smart fridge request users to tell the medicines in fridge and give company remote access to fridge using internet and they take care of fridge behavior using data available to them. Several softwares are available in market such as Azure(Microsoft) and Mindsphere (Siemens) which helps in effective data collection of these iot based devices to remote companies.
Based on biomedical wireless-sensing technologies, iot has made advancement in patient monitoring system worldwide. There are several patient monitoring systems are available in market which monitors the heart rate of patients and inform doctors and their love ones and thus, increasing medical maintenance to great extent. These sensors also monitor the body temperature and cholesterol level, which prevents sudden death or other consequences. Here are some monitoring trend in healthcare using internet of things
5 Reasons why these Remote patient monitoring is beneficial
With the great communication services provided with internet, patients can easily monitor their health issues using these iot devices which is a great source of convenience for people.
Critical Time situation management:
serious and time critical patients require timely monitoring. Any time mismanagement in this situation can lead to situation of death. So, timely management of these iot devices plays a key role in this situation
Accuracy and efficiency:
Health care IOT provides timely decisions and management which alerts the staff to respond faster and more clearly as situation is already monitored by the sensors.
Safety and Security:
Iot healthcare provides security to patients by time to time accessing of data which prevents them from long term consequences and giving them a sense of safety and security as they are regularly monitored.
Regular monitoring of health of patients give them a sense of safety and security and is a great source of mental satisfaction.
IOT Based medical devices:
Later we have discussed iot based medical system provided by multi-national companies such as KHARE by Microsoft and Smart Fridge by Weka. We have also discussed iot based monitoring systems and benefits of these system. Now let’s have a look at some of the iot based medical devices available in market uses by biomedical engineers for the effective health care and health safety of the patients. Medical professionals now a days are depending on digital technology for reliable collection of data for effective cure.
CYCORE : Cancer treatment
The Cyberinfrastructure for Comparative Effectiveness Research (CYCORE) which connects the radio therapy with internet of things applications. They collected the data of 357 under cure patients (head and neck cancer) for comparing with patient data. They use the Bluetooth for weight scale and blood pressure, with symptoms tracking application, that provides update to patients physician and recommends treatment depends on level of disease.
Ingestible sensors by proteus healthcare is a great innovation for iot in the field of healthcare and medicine. It is a biomedical capsule sized ingestible electronic device consists of biocompatible material containing power supply, processor and sensors and use in biomedical industry for diagnostics and monitoring. These ingestible sensor are so beneficial in medical industry that now there are almost $1 billion market value in 2020 and is increasing constantly every year. These sensors are also called intelligent pills. Few examples of ingestible sensors are 1- Bacteria on a chip 2- Gut Gas sensors 3- Medication monitoring sensors
- Apple Depression Watch App
: Apple depression watch app is another integration of medical with internet of things which uses depression diagnostic sensors and team who collect data from cloud and provide healthcare tips and remedy to the user. Apple is using digital watch app to tackle with the depression. This watch diagnose the depression in the user, and provide the user with proper remedy and health care advice. These watches are using for research purposes now a days for studying chronic conditions combining biometric collection of data with user input. And recently John Hopkins university declared a project which will use apple smart watches to research/study for possible triggers for epileptic seazures.
- Blood coagulation testing Smartphones: This device is extremely beneficial for patients who are receiving coagulation testing and it is very important for them to monitor the situation after short time. So these blood coagulation smartphone is another integration of biomedical sensors with iot based technologies which measures the rate of blood coagulation with time. Based on parylene-C coated quartz crystal micro balance (QCM) sensors, it is used to measure coagulation in human body and thus, has great importance for timely monitoring. Frequency response of these sensors help in analyzing coagulation rate of the blood.
- ADAMM Wearable Asthma Monitor: Adamm wearable asthma monitor is a device which detects the symptoms of asthma in early stages, warning the wearer before the situation become worse. It has algorithms to analyze what user is under normal circumstances and what changes are occurring inside the wearer. It uses different mechanisms to warn the users/wearer. It vibrates to warn the user or it can send message to carer to warn about situation. Adamm is integrated with a web app help patients to set medication, analyze data from device and remind themselves with medication time. So, this wearable asthma is another virtue of internet of things in medicine and healthcare.
- Automated insulin delivery: OpenAPS (Open Artificial Pancreas System) is a closed loop insulation delivery based system, which gauges/measures the amount of insulin in bloodstream of patient and provides insulin to user depends on the need thus closing the loop. This project was initialized by Dana Lewis and her spouse Scott Leibrand, who changed his wifes CGM (continuous glucose monitoring) and her insulin pump in order to automate the delivery of insulin into her system using data extracted from CGM and manipulated data through raspberry pi microcontrollers.
Although internet of things have applications in almost every field but its remarkable services in medicine is of great importance that has provided a great edge for the patients worldwide. Efficient monitoring sensors and timely diagnostics of disease helps in treatment of disease at early stages that reduces the risk of death worldwide. So, internet of things based technologies integrated with medicine has revolutionized the era of medicine and treatment.
iot devices,internet of things in health care,iot based medical devices,iot based patient monitoring system,iot based biomedical sensors,internet of things,iot,in the internet of things,application of internet of things in healthcare,application of iot in healthcare,benefits of iot based patient monitoring system,Kinect HoloLens Assisted Rehabilitation Experience,KHARE,,Smart Fridge for Vaccines, CYCORE,Apple Depression Watch App,Blood coagulation testing Smartphones,ADAMM Wearable Asthma Monitor,Automated insulin delivery,OpenAPS